A large amount of foods meant for consumption get spoilt even before we know it. This in some cases creates a hole in our pockets as money meant for other things are diverted for this purpose.
The knowledge of food durability and those factors responsible for food spoilage can enhance our Wellbeing as cashlessness caused by premature food spoilage can affect one’s state of mind
Come let find out why our foods don’t last for too long and identify ways to store these fresh foods for longer period.
What are the reasons for food spoilage?
- Availability of the Oxygen in the air – Oxidation, which is the gain of Oxygen by the fresh food, alters the chemical nature of the food thereby encouraging the Micro organisms which will finally bring about the spoilage.
- Temperature is a key determinant of food durability, as pathogens are stimulated and attracted to foods at Room Temperature.
- Duration or Life span – Just like man has a life span, food too is not excluded. Perishable foods such as tomatoes may not last as corn grains.. Every food has its own life span.
- Rodents/Insects often enhance food spoilage after biting or piercing our foods. Their saliva and enzymes facilitates the spoilage.
- Physical damages such as cracks and dents probably caused either during transportation or storage. This process in turn creates an entrance for microorganisms.
Incases your burdened with challenges of premature food spoilage, the following guidelines can better your Wellbeing;
1. The reason why foods like vegetables are stored in cool, dry place is to keep them out of direct sunlight. Storing by way of refrigerating foods will actually make them spoil quicker. Alternatively, store root vegetables in paper bags stored in the cabinet to avoid dryness. Always endeavor not to sore different kind of foods in the same chamber. Example, onions ought to be stored in separate place from potatoes.
2.Cheese and cakes should be wrapped in wax paper before storing it in the refrigerator. This will allow the cheese to breathe but will not allow excess moisture to reach it. Be sure to keep each type of cheese separate from the others to avoid its flavours from mixing.
3. Foods such as soups should be adequately stored in the refrigerator.
4. Canning fruits and vegetables is another way to store them for a longer period. Home canning really is not difficult and you know what you have added to the foods. Foods to be caned should be cooked for a short time to kill the microorganisms capable of creating the enzymes for food spoilage.
4. A vacuum sealer is also a good investment for storing food. This option may cost more than others, but vacuum-sealed foods can last for months past the normal storage time. When you vacuum seal the food and then place it in the freezer, your storage time increases even further. A quality vacuum sealer may cost between $39 and $59 on most online shops, but they are definitely worth the price when you consider how much food you can save.
5. If you have stored as much of your food as you can and you still have fresh fruits or vegetables that are starting to look too ripe, look out, give to someone out there who needs some, rather than letting it go to waste. You will save money by keeping the food out of the trashcan.
6. Just in case you could not avoid the food spoilage, do not simply throw it away. Start a compost pile for leftovers or foods that have gone bad. Composting the food will at least provide nutrition for the soil in the garden. But in case you don’t have a garden, sell that manure and earn some money.
6. Do not refrigerate foods like tomatoes as it alters the taste; rather store them in an airy environment with room temperature. If you must refrigerate, blend and steam-dry.
7. Remember that tuber foods such as yams naturally do not last for too long. Store them in well ventilated area. Although this depend on your geographical location on the globe.
8. For processed foods, ensure you check up expiry date on the product before buying. Ensure you consume the food before the expiry date. This is also for your Wellbeing and Safety, in order to avoid food poisoning.
9. Plan a meal time table and avoid bulk buying of perishable foods, especially if you do not have adequate storage facilities. Although, this may not be a best way of managing your cash. Buy the quantity you can consume within the space of time.